Top 5 Historic Sites in Africa

old Roman amphiteater

Ej Djem ©archer10 (Dennis)/Flickr

Africa is the continent of dramatic landscapes and epic journeys, but also the Cradle of Humankind. It is almost unanimously accepted today that the human civilization was born in Africa. For this reason, the history of Africa is just as fascinating as its nature.

Scattered across the African continent, one can find fascinating reminiscences of a distant and mysterious past. From the murals in South Africa to the pyramids of Egypt, Africa’s historic attractions are not only unique in the world, but also incredibly important for anyone interested in the evolution of human civilizations. Here are some popular African sights you cannot miss:

Temple of Luxor

The modern-day Luxor is a major tourist destination in Egypt. But several thousand years ago, Luxor was the site of the legendary city of Thebes. The temples of Thebes were the splendor of Ancient Egypt, and continue to be considered some the most remarkable architectural works of humankind. The Temple of Luxor is the most famous of the six ancient temples in Luxor. With its huge limestone statues, the temple continue to awe the millions of tourists that travel here.

Sterkfontein Caves

The Sterkfontein Caves in South Africa are also known as the Cradle of Humankind. This is because the oldest human-like skeletons in the world were found here. The Australopithecus lived almost 4 million years ago is considered to be the ancestor of modern humans. The discoveries at this archeological site has also helped historians learn about humans in the Stone Age and the discovery of fire.

Cradle of Humankind

sterkfontain caves entrance ©flowcomm/Flickr

El Djem

The Roman Amphitheater at El Djem, Tunisia, could as well be considered as the African version of the Colosseum.  This monumental open air theater could once seat as many as 35 000 spectators.  Although the amphitheater is almost 1700 years old, it is in a good state of preservation, so tourists can go inside and learn first-hand about its construction, its organization and former use.

old Roman amphiteater

Ej Djem ©archer10 (Dennis)/Flickr

Marrakesh Medina

The medieval Arab towns with their mosques and souks make give North Africa is unique and charming atmosphere. And no city receives more attention than the city of Marrakesh. With its old narrow streets, medieval mosques and palaces, scented gardens and public baths, old Marrakesh is the jewel of Morocco and the delight of travelers.

Giza Pyramids

Few other civilizations have produced such durable and impressive monuments as the Ancient Egypt. The pyramids of Giza are the most famous pyramids in the world, and historians are yet to discover the secret of their construction. Among with the Sphinx, the pyramids of Giza can as well be considered among the top 5 historic sites in Africa.

the great pyramids

Giza pyramid and Sphynx ©maltman23/Flickr

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